“Dicky” Lloyd (Ireland) – the one who came back…

DA Lloyd101 (365x500)

There were a handful of rugby players who played international rugby both sides of the 1st World War.  Perhaps the most fortunate was the Irish fly half Dicky Lloyd who, having won 16 caps and established a huge reputation as one of the finest players of his day, joined up in 1914 and served in the 10th Battalion, King’s (Liverpool Regiment) throughout the war.  He was so severely wounded in the second Battle of Ypres that it was erroneously announced in the papers on 10 May 1915 that he was missing, presumed dead.  However, unlike so many of his less fortunate soldier rugby players, he survived to play a further season of international rugby in 1920 and become a respected referee, coach and broadcaster.

Richard Averill Lloyd was born in Tamnamore, Co Tyrone on 4 August 1891.  He was a pupil at Armagh Royal School and Portora Royal School where he gained a reputation as an outstanding rugby player and cricketer.  He was the star of a brilliant school rugby side which produced seven future Irish internationals and provided Ulster Schools with their entire back line.  From 1909 he studied at Dublin University from where he made his debut for Ireland against England alongside his university scrum half partner Harry Read in February 1910.  Dickie Lloyd and Harry Read were the first Irish half back pairing where each player took a specific role and they played together for Ireland on 13 occasions between 1910 and 1913.  A sporting all-rounder and an outstanding opening bat, Lloyd also played cricket twice for Ireland against Scotland in 1911 and South Africa in 1912.

By the beginning of the war, Dickie Lloyd had won 16 rugby caps, captained Ireland nine times, and become Ireland’s leading points scorer with 63 points including a then world record 6 drop goals. He had moved to Liverpool in 1912 to work as a cotton broker with the firm Cunningham and Hinshaw.  He then played for Liverpool FC up until the war in a side that during the 1913-14 season uniquely contained three international captains – Dickie Lloyd of Ireland, Ronnie Poulton of England and Fred (FH) Turner of Scotland.  The future England international Wavell Wakefield was a boy at Sedbergh School when Liverpool came with their three international captains to play the school in the autumn of 1913.  He was the touch-judge at that match and wrote that “Lloyd’s kicking was wonderful.  From right down by their twenty-five, he would pick it up and from the touch line screw-kick it down so that it fell into touch just by our twenty-five.”

After the war, he was appointed captain of Liverpool in 1919 and resumed his international career as Ireland’s captain against England in February 1920.  He also captained Ireland for the 11th time in his 19th and final international against France in April of that year ending with an Irish points record of 75 points from 2 tries, 16 conversions, 3 penalty goals and 7 drop goals.  He retired as a player at the end of the 1920-21 season but became a referee and refereed two internationals during the 1922 Five Nations Rugby Championship.

After his rugby career ended, he played cricket for Liverpool and three times for Lancashire during the 1921 and 1922 seasons, including a match against the formidable 1921 Australian touring side.

He died in the Royal Victoria Hospital Belfast on 23 December 1950.

Sources:

  • Ireland’s Call – Stephen Walker (Merrion Press 2015)
  • Irish Rugby 1874-1999 – Edmund Van Esbeck (Gill & Macmillan 1999)
  • Liverpool Echo
  • Red, Black & Blue – JRA Daglish (Neil Richardson 1983)
  • CricketEurope StatsZone Ireland – Edward Liddle (2007)
  • For Poulton and England – James Corsan (Matador 2009)  

About the Author- A professional musician and arts administrator, Richard Steele has had a life-long love of sport.  He has been on the committee of the World Rugby Museum at Twickenham since 2005.

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International Rugby’s most decorated player

by Cat McNaney

The Black Ferns fly half, Anna Richards, is the most New Zealand v South Africa - IRB Women's Rugby World Cup Matchday Onedecorated player in the history of international rugby. With a total of 49 caps under her belt, Richards is the most capped Black Fern to date, and has lead her nation to four back-to-back World Cup victories out of the five she has competed in – no other player, male nor female, can compare.

Born in 1964, Anna was raised in a family of four girls. Her parents encouraged all of their daughters to pursue their sporting ambitions and all four of them become successful athletes, with her younger sister following her into the Black Ferns. However Anna didn’t pick up a rugby ball until the age of 21 when she started playing for the university side in Christchurch. Previously, she had been a talented tennis player and netballer, playing at national level for Canterbury, before being dropped and asked by the university coach to try rugby. Richards describes having fallen in love with the sport instantaneously and “found out right away that [she] was way better at rugby than [she] was at netball”.

Anna went on to earn her place in the first ever New Zealand women’s squad in 1989 and was still playing at the highest level twenty-one years later at the age of 45, when she helped defeat England in the final of the 2010 Women’s Rugby World Cup, claiming her fourth victory. Between 1991 and 2001 she was integral to a side that went on a twenty-seven game winning run. Anna’s win/loss ratio is near impossible to match. In over 100 international appearances, including rugby sevens, she has only ever lost twice. However, she insists that her talent doesn’t come naturally and that she always had to work hard to retain her place in the squad, “It’s easier to make a team than stay on a team. I always made sure I was the fittest; I was always working on my core skills and every year I’d pick something I wanted to work on.”

Anna Richards of New Zealand and Suzy Appleby of England

12 May 1998: Women’s World Cup semi-final in Amsterdam, Holland. New Zealand won the match 44-7. (Photo by David Rogers/Allsport)

She has won four World Cups (in 1998, 2002, 2006 and 2010), starting and playing all 80 minutes of all four finals; won nine New Zealand Provincial Championships from 1999 to 2005 and then again in 2007 and 2008; won four Canada Cups in 1996, 2002 and 2005; won the English League and Cup in 1995, playing for Richmond; won the 1994 inaugural Australian Championship, as part of a guest side from Christchurch; won the 1999 Tri Nations; and was a member of the 2004 Churchill Cup-winning side. She has also represented New Zealand in Sevens, captaining them undefeated in 2000 and 2001 and winning the Hong Kong International Sevens and Japan Sevens Cup in both years; as well as the 2001 Wellington International Sevens. To add to her achievements, Richards also competed internationally in Touch Rugby. She has represented New Zealand in the Open Mixed Grade in 1990-91 and was Open Women’s captain in 1997-98, as well as playing for the over 27s. She played in the 1991 World Cup and was a runner up in the Open Mixed category.

New Zealand celebrate

Celebrating after beating England in the IRB Women’s World Cup Final 2002 (Photo by Craig Prentis/Getty Images)

Her playing career finally ended in 2014 when she left New Zealand to begin her role as the newly appointed elite women’s sevens coach at the Hong Kong Sports Institute, in preparation for the 2016 Olympics in Rio, where she continues to share her knowledge, expertise, and, most importantly, her love of the game with the next generation of players.

She was inducted into the IRB (now World Rugby) Hall of Fame on 17th November 2014 for her remarkable contribution to New Zealand rugby. Black Ferns coach (1996-2002) Darryl Suasua, explains how, “Anna has fought tooth and nail over the years for women’s rugby to be recognised, and has been a pioneer [for the sport]”. Suasua also claims that Richards, “may be remembered as the first lady of New Zealand women’s rugby” after her retirement. Anna’s services to women’s rugby were honoured in 2005 when she was awarded Membership of the New Zealand Order of Merit, or, what she likes to call, her Q.N.B.F. – the Queen’s New Best Friend.

About the Author- Cat McNaney, 19, is studying History at the University of Exeter and plays rugby for Bristol Ladies and the Women’s England U20s. She undertook a placement week with the World Rugby Museum as part of a Public History module in 2016.

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Rugby returns to the Olympics

In 1892, Baron Pierre de Coubertin made his first speech at the Sorbonne University of Paris, calling for the revival of the International Olympic Games. Such sports exchanges, he said, would be the “new free trade” of Europe.

coubertin

Baron Pierre de Coubertin

De Coubertin’s original sporting love was rugby. Intrigued by what he had read about English public schools, in 1883, at the age of twenty, de Coubertin went to Rugby and to other English schools to see for himself. He described the results in a book, ‘L’Education en Angleterre’, which was published in Paris in 1888. The hero of his book is Thomas Arnold, Headmaster of Rugby: “the leader and classic model of English educators,” wrote de Coubertin, “gave the precise formula for the role of athletics in education. The cause was quickly won. Playing fields sprang up all over England”.

What de Coubertin saw on the playing fields of Rugby and the other English schools he visited was how “organised sport can create moral and social strength”. Not only did organised games help to set the mind and body in equilibrium, it also prevented the time being wasted in other ways. First developed by the ancient Greeks, it was an approach to education that he felt the rest of the world had forgotten and to whose revival he was to dedicate the rest of his life.

Having watched the game in England where it was invented, he was one of the founders of the game in France, and set up the first French schools championship in 1890. He refereed France’s first championship final between Racing Club and Stade Français at Bagatelle Park in Paris in 1892. In April of that year, he was instrumental in bringing Rosslyn Park FC to Paris, to play Stade Français. This was the first time an English club had played in continental Europe and aroused great interest on both sides of the Channel. When the match was announced, some of the London papers expressed serious doubts as to its
advisability saying it might lead to ‘International Complications’ Rosslyn Park beat Stade by 3 goals and 3 tries to nil.

family pictures 2087That very same year, suitably inspired, de Coubertin made the first public call to revive the Olympic Games: the first modern games were held four years later in Athens. Rugby was introduced in London 1908, with Australia beating Cornwall to the gold. But after unsavoury crowd behaviour at the France v USA final in Paris 1924, the sport was dropped from the programme, leaving USA as the reigning XV-a-side Olympic rugby champions to this day.A special commemorative sculpture, commissioned from Popineau Fils of Paris, was presented by Lord Dufferin the British Ambassador to Park captain E Figgis, and now resides at Rosslyn Park. The beautiful and delicate sculpture portrays a symbolic branch with French laurel leaves on one side and English oak leaves on the other. A medallion bears the date 18th April 1892.

Did Rosslyn Park help to inspire those first Olympics? In 2006 the tradition continued with Park’s mini players starring in the successful IRB (now World Rugby) video bid to make Rugby Sevens an Olympic sport in 2016.

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About the Author- Stephen Cooper is the author of award-winning ‘The Final Whistle: The Great War in Fifteen Players’. His second book, ‘After the Final Whistle: the First Rugby World Cup and the First World War’ is now available.  

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Lest We Forget ̶ Charles “Charlie” Meyrick Pritchard (Wales) 14/08/1916

31CMP (249x350)

During the Great War, Captain Wyndham Williams RAMC kept a diary of his experiences as a medical officer on the Western Front. In August 1916, he was on duty at a casualty clearing station when one of the wounded caught his eye. Captain Williams, from Nantymoel in south Wales, was a keen follower of rugby, so it is perhaps not surprising that he immediately recognised the casualty as one of the heroes of the Welsh victory over New Zealand in 1905. After all, he had been at the Arms Park that day. It is interesting, however, that, “Charlie” Pritchard is the only patient mentioned by name in Captain Williams’s diary, although he must have treated thousands of casualties during the war. This shows the extent of Charlie’s fame and popularity.

Charlie Pritchard was certainly one of the greatest forwards of his era and, arguably, he was one of the finest ever to represent Wales. A vigorous and courageous player, he was also highly regarded in rugby circles for his genial, warm-hearted and sporting nature. Between 1904 and 1910, he won fourteen caps for Wales, though injuries cost him at least ten more. He played in the Triple Crown teams of 1904-5 and 1907-8 when Wales also recorded the first ever Grand Slam. However, it was his total and unflagging commitment in the 3-0 defeat of New Zealand for which he is best remembered. His devastating tackling in this gruelling match was acknowledged by the press as crucial to the Welsh victory. Charlie was “always in the thick of the fight” that day when he performed “prodigies of aggressive defence” for Wales.

Born in 1882 into a sporting family in Newport, he learned the game, however, in England when he boarded at Long Ashton School, Bristol.  After school, he took up work in the family wine and spirit business and, at only nineteen, he was invited to play for Newport in an especially tough away game against the then Welsh champions, Swansea. So impressive was he on his debut in the hard fought Newport victory that, from then on, he became a permanent member of the Newport pack. He played in well over two hundred matches for the club between January 1902 and April 1911, and was a popular captain for three consecutive seasons though he was injured for much of that time.

A physically dominant presence on the field, he was described as the “Uskside Adonis”, by the irrepressible Percy Bush, the Wales fly-half in the New Zealand match. Charlie was a vigorous and resolute forward who always committed himself totally during matches. His reputation as a tackler was fearsome, yet he was also widely admired for his chivalrous approach to the game and it was said of him that he was never guilty of foul play during his entire career.

In May 1915, he was commissioned second lieutenant in the 12th Battalion (3rd Gwent) The South Wales Borderers. They went on active service in June 1916, and gained their first experience of trench warfare near Béthune. It has often been claimed (especially during the 2016 commemorations) that Charlie died in the Battle of the Somme. However, he never served on the Somme and he died, and is buried, over thirty miles to the north.

On the night of 12th August 1916, Charlie  ̶  now promoted to captain  ̶  was in command of a strong raiding party who had been given instructions to capture a prisoner. Charlie was wounded before reaching the enemy trench but he refused to stop. Moreover, he arrived at the trench first and jumped in and grabbed a prisoner. After scrambling out with him, he then ordered his men back but was wounded again, this time much more seriously. He was forced to hand the prisoner over, and two comrades then managed with great difficulty to carry Charlie back to safety. Now in a state of collapse, he asked “Have they got the Hun?” When told they had, he replied, “Well, I have done my bit”. He was then stretchered out of the line and taken to the Casualty Clearing Station at Chocques, a few miles behind the front.

Despite the ministrations of Captain Wyndham Williams and his medical colleagues, it was here that, on the 14th August 1916, Charlie Pritchard died of his wounds. The 12th South Wales Borderers War Diary recorded, “The Battalion thus loses a very gallant officer and a chivalrous, generous and large minded gentleman.” It was later announced that, had he survived, Charlie would have been recommended for the Distinguished Service Order for his bravery. Only the Victoria Cross was a higher gallantry award but at that time the DSO could not be awarded posthumously. So he never received the decoration he so richly deserved.

When he heard the news, a distraught WJ Townsend Collins, a journalist who knew Charlie well, wrote movingly, “The war has swept away many a great and famous Rugby player who was also a good fellow; but among them all was none with a stouter or kinder heart, more beloved, more lamented than Charlie Pritchard.”

Captain Charles Meyrick Pritchard is buried in Chocques Military Cemetery, three miles north-west of Béthune.

I should like to thank Clive Lougher, the grandson of Wyndham Williams, for allowing me to make use the information in his grandfather’s diary.call-them-to-remembrance

About the Author: Gwyn Prescott is a Cardiff based rugby historian and writer. His latest book ‘Call Them to Remembrance’: The Welsh Rugby Internationals who Died in the Great War is available through publishers St. David’s Press and from Amazon.

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Lest We Forget -Lancelot Andrew Noel Slocock (England) 09/08/1916

LANCELOT ANDREW NOEL SLOCOCK

Lancelot Andrew Noel Slocock, more often called Andrew or Noel, was born in Wooton Wawen, near Stratford-upon-Avon. He was one of ten children of Reverend Frederick Henry Slocock and his wife Judith Emily, who also came from an ecclesiastical background.

His father became Rector at Mottisfont in Hampshire, and Lancelot was educated at Marlborough College where, as well as playing in the 1st XV, he also represented the College at cricket and hockey.

After his education finished he moved to Liverpool and worked in the cotton trade, but found good time to play rugby as a forward for Liverpool, for whom he became secretary.

After honours for Lancashire and the North, he first played for England in 1907, though he had been chosen earlier for the match against the South African tourists in December 1906.  Sadly a clerical error sent the invitation to Arnold Alcock of Guy’s Hospital, who thus gained his one and only cap. Slocock subsequently played in all internationals for 2 years, including being captain in 1908 game versus Scotland at Inverleith, where he scored his final international try.

He had little time for rugby after that as his business took priority, and often involved trips to the USA.  In 1912 he married Elinor Cook, and they moved in 1914 to live in Savannah, Georgia. He nevertheless returned to England in 1915 and was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the 1/10th Battalion of the Kings (Liverpool) Regiment. This was a Territorial Battalion, more commonly known as Liverpool Scottish.

Slocock arrived in France in January 1916 to join his Battalion. The 1/10th, part of the 55th division, was shortly afterwards to take part in the Somme offensive. He died on 9 August 1916 at Guillemont. His Battalion colleague and fellow England international John Abbott King, fighting alongside him, died on the same day.

Lieutenant LANCELOT ANDREW NOEL SLOCOCK has no known resting place.

He is remembered on the Thiepval Memorial (Pier & Face 1D 8B & 8C), and also at Marlborough College, the Liverpool club at Aigburth, Birkenhead Park FC, the Liverpool Cotton Exchange and on the Liverpool Scottish memorial in the city’s St Georges Hall.

There is also a wooden plaque in Frieth Church, Bucks, which he shares with his younger brother Cyprian.

He was survived by his wife Elinor and son Anthony.  In 1919 Elinor re-married, to William Wilson.

Lancelot Andrew Noel Slocock 2008-3067

For more information on the Rugby Football Union’s First World War commemorations visit http://www.englandrugby.com/about-the-rfu/ww1-commemorations

For details of the other 26 fallen England players click here.

The World Rugby Museum would like to thank Mike Hagger for researching and writing this article.

Please like the World Rugby Museum on facebook and follow us on twitter to receive further tributes to the international rugby players who fell in the Great War.

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Lest We Forget – John Abbott King (England) 09/08/1916

John Abbott King

John Abbott King, known as Jack, was born in Burley in Leeds, and was one of the shortest men to wear an England jersey. His height of 5ft 5in (1.65m) was in contrast to his chest measurement of 46 inches, giving him the nickname of “Pocket Hercules”.

His father, also John Abbott King, was a master cloth finisher, and he and his wife Mary Jane had 8 children, John Abbott junior being the oldest of the three boys.

After an elementary local education, he attended Giggleswick School in 1898-99, which was long enough to gain 2nd XV colours.

Early in the 1900s he spent time in South Africa, where he played rugby for Durbanville and Somerset West, but returned to England in 1906 where he became a staunch member of the Headingley team, and took a farm in Ben Rhydding, near Ilkley in his native Wharfedale.  He rose to become captain of Yorkshire, for whom he played 46 times, and also played for the Barbarians and 12 times as a forward for England in 1911 to 1913, the last season being England’s first as Grand Slam winners.

He volunteered for military service on 6 August 1914, leaving his sisters to run the family farm. Some of his fellow rugby players helped with the harvest. Having overcome the normal minimum height for service of 5ft 6in, he initially joined the Yorkshire Hussars and went France in April 1915. In 1916, in order to see more action, he transferred to 1/10th (Liverpool Scottish), Battalion, the King’s (Liverpool) Regiment.  By August of that year the Battalion was engaged in the Battle of the Somme, as part of the British attacks near Guillemont. These were stopped on the first day (8 August) by fierce resistance, but the 1/10th King’s again attacked very early the next morning, although without success. John Abbott King was killed in action that day. Fellow England international Lancelot Slocock was killed on the same day, in the same battle also fighting with the Liverpool Scottish.

In his last letter home ”Jack” King wrote “So long as I don’t disgrace the old Rugby game, I don’t think I mind

Lance Corporal JOHN ABBOTT KING has no known resting place.

He is remembered on the Thiepval Memorial, Somme, France [Panels 1 D 8 B and 1 D 8 C], and also at Giggleswick School, by Yorkshire County RFC, and on the Liverpool Scottish memorial (St Georges Hall, Liverpool).

At St. John the Evangelist’s Church in Ben Rhydding the tablet lists him along with 15 other parishoners who fell.

He did not marry.

John Abbott King 2012-1453

For more information on the Rugby Football Union’s First World War commemorations visit http://www.englandrugby.com/about-the-rfu/ww1-commemorations

For details of the other 26 fallen England players click here.

The World Rugby Museum would like to thank Mike Hagger for researching and writing this article.

Please like the World Rugby Museum on facebook and follow us on twitter to receive further tributes to the international rugby players who fell in the Great War.

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Rugby at the 1924 Olympic Games – a false dawn

When the French and United States of America rugby teams walked out onto the pitch at Stade Olympique de Colombes in Paris on Sunday 18 May 1924 for the final of the rugby tournament, few could have anticipated either the extraordinary result of the match or that it would be the last time that rugby would feature in the Olympic Games until 2016, ninety two years later.

The previous rugby tournament at the 1920 Olympic Games in Antwerp had only attracted interest from the French Rugby Federation and the California Rugby Union.  The British rugby unions were not prepared to take part as a combined team and the other two invited international teams, Romania and Czechoslovakia, decided not to participate.  The California Rugby Union sent a team to represent the USA consisting predominantly of Californian university students and past-students, whose sporting experience was in American Football and a number of whom had fought in the latter stages of the 1st World War.

There were two matches played in 1920 between France and the USA.  With no other countries involved, the first match on 5 September in Antwerp was designated the Olympic Final and was won 8-0 by the USA thereby giving the USA the Gold medal.  The second was played after the Olympic Games on 10 October 1920 at Stade Colombes in Paris where France avenged their earlier defeat in winning 14-5.  Strangely, France did not award caps to their players for playing in the first match, the Olympic Final, but did award caps for playing in the second match in Paris in October.

When preparations were being made for the rugby tournament at the 1924 Olympics Games in Paris, the United States were invited by the French Olympic Committee to come to Paris to defend their title.  They were keen to do so and, once again, the players were drawn mainly from the Californian universities and had to find their own funding to finance the trip.  In addition to the two 1920 rivals, Romania decided to send a team to Paris but no other teams were attracted or persuaded to do so which left an uneven tournament with just three countries involved.

Rugby Olympic Games 1924

Olympic Games 1924 – Rugby captains Slater (USA) and Lasserre (France) with referee Albert Freethy

The USA squad was experienced and consisted of 24 players, five of whom had played in the 1920 Olympic Final in Antwerp.  Their captain was Colby ‘Babe’ Slater, a 1st World War veteran and giant of a forward, and their half-back Rudy Scholz had not only played in the Antwerp Final but had also played against the 1913 touring All Blacks in North America at the age of 17.  The French squad consisted of 30 players, many of whom were experienced internationals.  Adolphe Jaureguy, was their exceptionally fast try-scoring machine on the left wing, and Rene Lasserre and Marcel Lubin-Lebrere were veterans of the 1st World War and formidable members of the French pack.

The Romanian squad of 23 players was neither internationally very experienced nor expected to win their two matches.  They suffered a very heavy defeat to France (61-3) in their first match on 4 May 1924 and were beaten convincingly by the USA (37-0) a week later on 11 May, thus ending their involvement in the tournament.  This left France and the USA to contest the final at Stade Colombes on Sunday 18 May, four years after their historic clash in Antwerp.  Although the French were expected to win and at one stage the betting was 20-1 in their favour, there were only four survivors from the French teams that played the USA in 1920 and they were nervous of the physical stature and sporting prowess of the Americans.  The referee for the final was the experienced Welshman, Albert Freethy, who would gain immortality under a year later by sending off Charles Brownlie in the international between England and the invincible New Zealanders at Twickenham.

Played on a hot and humid afternoon in front of a large partisan crowd, the Olympic Final began with several close-fought exchanges before the American back row forward Linn Farish scored the first of his two tries.  The conversion was missed but the American dominance continued with the French winger, Adolph Jaureguy, having an uncomfortable time coping with the ferocious tackling of the American backs.  At half-time, the score was still only 3-0 in favour of the USA but, when the French team came out for the second half, it was noticed that Jaureguy had not returned to the field.  France were now down to 14 men and only seven forwards.

The USA team asserted its dominance in the opening skirmishes of an increasingly fraught contest which saw the French team reduced to 13 men for parts of the second half.  Eventually the floodgates opened and the USA broke through with the forwards Jack Patrick and Linn Farish scoring tries, the first of which was converted by the American full back, Charles Doe, to give them a lead of 11-0.  France hit back with an unconverted try by their fly half, Henri Galau, after a mix-up behind the USA line following a high punt, but with only 13 men on the field following a dislocated knee-cap suffered by the French winger, Jean Vaysse, France’s resistance finally broke.

In the closing minutes of the game, the right winger Rogers whose tackling had so disconcerted Jaureguy in the 1st half and the prop forward Caesar Manelli crossed for further tries leaving the USA victorious by 17 points to 3 points.  The USA had scored five tries to one and the result was a disaster for France who were very fortunate to have 13 men left on the field at the end of the game as Marcel Lubin-Lebrere was ordered off for fighting but reprieved at the specific request of the American captain, Babe Slater.

So why was rugby removed from the Olympic Games?  Was it perhaps that the powers in international rugby in the 1920s were scared by the quality and raw talent of the Americans?  Perhaps the last word should be left to the referee.  Albert Freethy said after the match that “With several more weeks of training, this US team could beat any team in Europe, not barring the best of the British Isles.  They play a great game.”

 

Sources consulted:

  • Les Capes du Matin Vol III (Georges Pastre – Midi Olympique – 1970)
  • For the Glory (Mark Ryan – JR Books – 2009)
  • Le Rugby aux Jeux Olympiques (Pierre Vitalien – Imprimerie Technicouleurs – 2007)
  • Rugby Pioneers and Frederic Humbert (including YouTube footage of the 1924 Olympic Final)
  • World Rugby Museum Archive

About the Author- A professional musician and arts administrator, Richard Steele has had a life-long love of sport.  He has been on the committee of the World Rugby Museum at Twickenham since 2005.

Please like the World Rugby Museum on facebook and follow us on twitter for more of the same.

 

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